Focus of the Two Sessions | Making New Quality Productivity a Powerful Driving Force for Promoting H

2024-03-08 16:58
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A group of high-end, intelligent, and green new pillar industries are rapidly rising, and one scientific and technological innovation result after another is emerging, demonstrating the vigorous pace of China's scientific and technological innovation, the accelerated formation of new quality productivity, the surging momentum of green development, and the steady progress of high-quality development.


Developing new quality productive forces is an inherent requirement and important focus for promoting high-quality development. At this year's National People's Congress and Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, representatives and members actively provided suggestions and suggestions on areas such as "fully leveraging the leading role of innovation", "vigorously promoting the construction of a modern industrial system", "actively cultivating emerging and future industries", and "comprehensively cultivating and utilizing talents" proposed in the government work report, contributing their wisdom to accelerating the development of new productive forces and helping to achieve high-level technological self-reliance and self-improvement.


1000 kV Fuzhou Xiamen ultra-high voltage project.

Grasping the Source: Winning the Battle of Key Core Technologies and Promoting the Transformation and Application of Innovative Achievements

 

The R&D personnel of Nanrui Group conducted system simulation experiments in the system protection laboratory.

  

At the Central Economic Work Conference held at the end of last year, "leading the construction of a modern industrial system through scientific and technological innovation" was given the top priority in nine key tasks. In this year's government work report, "vigorously promoting the construction of a modern industrial system and accelerating the development of new quality productive forces" ranked first among the government work tasks in 2024.

Wu Qiang, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and an academician of the CAE Member, said in an interview with the media that we still face many problems in the field of energy and mining, such as how to adjust the national energy structure and let renewable energy, including "Fengguang", expand its scale as soon as possible, which not only involves installed capacity, but also involves power generation. To solve these problems, we need to rely on subversive scientific and technological innovation achievements to develop new quality productivity. National People's Congress representative, Senior Engineer at Taiyuan Heavy Machinery Group Technology Center, and Wind Power Design Expert Zhu Shaohui also deeply felt the important role of key core technologies, especially disruptive technological breakthroughs, in the energy and power industry. He stated that the current market competition is fierce and requires continuous research and development of new products. Only by breaking through in specific fields can we gain better competitiveness.


  

To develop new productive forces, it is not only necessary to create emerging industry tracks, but also to transform and enhance traditional industries.  

On June 23, 2023, the ± 800 kV Baihetan Zhejiang ultra-high voltage direct current project was fully put into operation, and clean hydropower from the Jinsha River was sent to Zhejiang in 7 milliseconds. In this project, State Grid Corporation of China has overcome the long-standing challenge of ultra-high voltage bushings that have hindered the development of China's power transmission and transformation industry. The full series of ultra-high voltage bushings with independent intellectual property rights have been widely applied in the project.

State Grid Corporation of China actively plays the "three roles" of state-owned enterprises, focuses on national strategic needs and energy transformation and development needs, coordinates and promotes the action plan for new power system technology research and development, deepens the construction of new power system technology innovation alliances and university innovation alliances, leads and drives all parties to participate in new power system technology research and development, promotes the transformation and application of innovative achievements, and contributes to ensuring energy security and achieving the "dual carbon" goals.


  

The representative members not only focus on tackling core technologies, but also offer suggestions and suggestions around innovative work mechanisms and other aspects.

Huang Baorong, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and Deputy Director of the Department of Industry and Information Technology of Gansu Province, suggested the establishment of a National Energy Technology Committee to coordinate the research and policy planning of the national energy technology route, strategically layout major technological directions, enhance energy technology innovation capabilities at reasonable costs, implement major scientific research projects, and simultaneously layout achievement transformation.

Ma Xinqiang, a National People's Congress representative and Party Secretary and Chairman of Huagong Technology Industry Co., Ltd., submitted a proposal on promoting the development of new quality productivity in central state-owned enterprises. He stated that central state-owned enterprises should play a role in technological innovation and industrial control, support the national industrial strategy, and have the confidence to sustain development and breakthroughs in complex external situations.

Upgrade Promotion: Accelerate the Empowerment and Efficiency of Digital Intelligence, Promote Green and Low Carbon Development

Green development is the foundation of high-quality development, and new productive forces themselves are green productive forces.

On February 29th, the Political Bureau of the Central Committee held its twelfth collective study on the relationship between new energy technology and China's energy security.


  Qinghai is an important clean energy production base in China. As of the end of 2023, the installed capacity of new energy power generation reached 37.4564 million kilowatts, accounting for 68% of the total installed capacity of power sources, and green electricity is accelerating. Chen Gang, a National People's Congress representative, Secretary of the Qinghai Provincial Party Committee and Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Qinghai Provincial People's Congress, stated at the open group meeting of the Qinghai delegation that Qinghai's clean energy has ushered in the best opportunity for development. I hope that relevant departments can plan the construction layout of green power channels in a unified manner. In terms of green power transmission channels, we can moderately advance planning and support the western regions, including Qinghai, which are rich in wind and photovoltaic resources, to better develop and deliver clean energy.

State Grid Shandong Electric Power employees inspect public charging station equipment in Fujiayu Village, Zhonggong Town, Licheng District, Jinan City。

  

Promoting green transformation should not only focus on the supply side, but also make efforts on the consumption side, continuously cultivating and strengthening green innovation entities. Recently, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the National Development and Reform Commission, and seven other departments jointly issued the Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Green Development of Manufacturing Industry, proposing the goal of green development of manufacturing industry. This year's government work report proposes to deepen the innovation and development of the digital economy, actively promote digital industrialization and industrial digitization, and promote the deep integration of digital technology and the real economy.

Jia Shaoqian, a representative of the National People's Congress and Secretary of the Party Committee and Chairman of Hisense Group Holding Co., Ltd., stated in a media interview that practicing green and low-carbon manufacturing is essentially a change in development models and a transformation of industrial structure. It is necessary to move towards high-end manufacturing and manufacturing through technological upgrading and digital transformation.

At the beginning of this year, State Grid Corporation of China proposed to build a digital and strong power grid, focusing on improving climate resilience, safety resilience, regulation flexibility, and security capabilities. Digitized and strong power grid can not only better support the clean and low-carbon transformation of energy and electricity, but also better meet the diverse and personalized energy needs of users.

From the user side, green consumption has maintained growth and a strong momentum of transformation and development. The increasing use of new energy vehicles and distributed photovoltaics poses higher requirements for power grid regulation, power operation, and safety protection. Zhang Zhentao, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and senior engineer of the Institute of Physical and Chemical Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, believes that building a strong digital intelligent power grid can better adapt to the friendly access of a large number of decentralized subjects, achieve the whole process of being observable, measurable, adjustable and controllable, improve the adaptability of power grid interaction, and meet the needs of multi-element scenarios.


  

State Grid Tianjin Binhai Company's young makers are researching and improving the new generation of intelligent bird protectors at the Zhang Liming Innovation Demonstration Base.

  

In recent years, State Grid Corporation of China has actively served the development of the new energy vehicle industry, promoting research and development of charging and swapping technology, model exploration, and platform construction; We have created the world's largest new energy cloud platform, providing one-stop grid connection services for new energy stations.

From strengthening energy technology innovation to improving system regulation capabilities, and then meeting diverse energy demand, the energy and power industry actively conforms to the trend of energy transformation and power system transformation, accelerates digital intelligence empowerment and efficiency, vigorously carries out major technological breakthroughs and innovative practices in the new energy system, and promotes green and low-carbon development.

Ecological Excellence: Establishing a sound evaluation system and incentive mechanisms to stimulate innovation vitality and potential

In this year's government work report, closely following the "vigorously promoting the construction of a modern industrial system and accelerating the development of new quality productive forces" is the "deepening implementation of the strategy of revitalizing the country through science and education, strengthening the basic support for high-quality development", and mentioning the integrated promotion of building a strong education, technology, and talent country, and the deployment and implementation of the innovation chain, industry chain, capital chain, and talent chain.

Under the background of "dual carbon", the high-quality development of related fields and industries is accompanied by a demand for professional talents. Wang Yanxin, a deputy to the National People's Congress, an academician of the CAS Member and president of the China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), provided a set of data in an interview with the media: taking the wind power industry as an example, China's new grid connected wind power installed capacity increased from 25.74 million kilowatts in 2019 to 71.67 million kilowatts in 2020, and the number of wind power practitioners in 2020 was about 550000, with an estimated talent gap of about 200000. Wang Yanxin submitted a proposal this year to strengthen the cultivation of "dual carbon" talents. He believes that it is particularly urgent to build and improve a multi-level and three-dimensional "dual carbon" composite innovative talent training system with universities as the core and deep participation of government, enterprises, and society. Strengthening the "dual carbon" talent training work should start from the top-level design of policy systems, strengthening the construction of "dual carbon" disciplines and majors, optimizing the "dual carbon" education model in universities, and creating a precise employment service system.


In recent years, State Grid Corporation of China has firmly established the concept of talent as the primary resource, implemented three major projects: leading high-end talents, shaping power craftsmen, and supporting young talents, and focused on building an innovative talent team with sufficient quantity, reasonable structure, and excellent quality. At the same time, State Grid Corporation of China has implemented mechanisms such as "unveiling and leading", "project chief engineer", and "fault tolerance and error correction", implemented a "horse racing system", established a talent incentive system, encouraged employees to innovate boldly and courageously, and continuously strengthened the cultivation of an original technology innovation ecosystem.

To stimulate the innovation vitality of various talents, in addition to creating a good innovation environment, it is also necessary to use the "baton" of talent evaluation. This year's government work report proposes to accelerate the establishment of a talent evaluation system guided by innovation value, ability, and contribution.

Yu Jian, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and Chairman of the Chengdu Federation of Industry and Commerce, mentioned in his proposal to strengthen the cultivation of talents in China's rare earth industry that a talent evaluation mechanism should be established with "government led, industry led, and diversified evaluation". The evaluation cycle for technical research and development talents should be relaxed, and an evaluation mechanism that is tolerant of failure and treats failure well should be created.

To make innovation flourish, it is necessary to form a joint effort from multiple parties. Yan Dapeng, a National People's Congress representative and Vice Chairman and Chief Engineer of Ruike Laser, suggested in a media interview that he hopes to accelerate the deep integration of industry, academia, and research, and achieve a virtuous cycle of education, technology, and talent integration.

Enterprises are the main body of innovation and the driving force behind innovation and creation. State Grid Corporation of China actively plays a leading role in enterprise innovation, promotes the close integration of industry, academia, research and application, vigorously carries out joint innovation and integrated innovation, with directly affiliated scientific research industry units, provincial power companies, and grassroots innovation forces as the main body, forming a science and technology innovation system that integrates industry, academia, and research. It has also established joint research institutions with universities such as Tsinghua University and Xi'an Jiaotong University to create an innovation ecosystem that promotes industry, academia, research and application in the same direction.

The energy and power industry is leading by technological innovation, promoting the upgrading of traditional industries, the growth of emerging industries, and the cultivation of future industries. It is strengthening the deep integration of scientific and technological innovation and industrial innovation, accelerating the development of new productive forces with more breakthroughs in original and key core technologies, injecting new momentum and shaping new advantages for high-quality development.